A ship unloader unloads iron ore at a dock in Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China, April 6, 2021.Costfoto | Barcroft Media | Getty ImagesShipping charges could also be rising, however they’re “not tremendous but,” in keeping with one analyst.Dry bulk transport charges surged this yr as the worldwide financial system bounced again and commodity demand recovered, however some market watchers say the trade might not be headed for a sustained interval of sturdy progress simply but.”Is it a supercycle? Effectively, I might say not but, but it surely has the potential to develop into one,” mentioned Mark Williams, managing director of Delivery Technique, a maritime consultancy.A so-called supercycle refers to a sustained interval of excessive and rising costs, usually pushed by robust demand and low provide.He mentioned charges for capesize vessels — the most important class of ships that carry dry cargo and uncooked supplies resembling grain, iron ore and coal — are across the ranges seen in mid-2019. Reuters reported on Tuesday that common each day earnings for capesizes had been $31,880 — a leap of greater than 10 instances the determine of about $3,000 in February final yr.The Baltic Dry Index, which tracks charges for vessels that carry dry bulk commodities, gained about 74% from the beginning of the yr to July 3.”It is good — (however) actually, it is not tremendous but,” he mentioned throughout a panel dialogue at TradeWinds’ Shipowners Discussion board Singapore 2021 earlier this month.We’re seeing charges at multi-year highs, however we do not see them reaching the bull cycle peaks that we have seen beforehand.The vp of maritime and provide chain excellence at mining big BHP agreed.”We’re seeing charges at multi-year highs, however we do not see them reaching the bull cycle peaks that we have seen beforehand,” Rashpal Bhatti mentioned on the similar session.The final main transport growth led to 2008 because of the worldwide monetary disaster.Analysts are cautious of things that might derail costs, however see freight charges staying excessive, at the very least within the second half of 2021 and probably past.What’s driving costs up?A number of components have supported freight charges, together with a commodities growth that is boosting demand for transportation and financial restoration as components of the world bounce again from the pandemic.However authorities coverage and macroeconomics are on the core of the “very robust” markets, mentioned Williams.Authorities are pumping money into the system by way of stimulus measures — and that is been a “key lever” to gas financial progress, he mentioned.”This supercharged GDP progress is driving commodity demand, and that is the premise of the robust markets we get pleasure from at the moment,” Williams mentioned.James Marshall, CEO and founding father of transport firm Berge Bulk, mentioned he expects extra iron ore provide from Brazil and stronger coal demand from China within the second half of the yr, and that is going to be “very optimistic” for freight charges.Inefficiencies and port congestion may additionally contribute to rising transport prices, he added.”Our ships are nonetheless getting held up by extreme … Covid quarantines,” he mentioned through the Shipowners Discussion board, which was a part of Singapore Worldwide Ferrous Week.”If something, we see that congestion (getting) worse with the delta variant and extra issues with … Covid infections,” he mentioned. It may result in “a big tightening of the market within the second half of the yr,” he added.What is going to maintain freight costs robustFleet sizes won’t develop considerably within the subsequent few years as there hasn’t been a giant rush to order new bulk carriers, Williams mentioned.Self-discipline in not ordering new ships and the phasing out of sure older vessels may also assist maintain charges increased, he added.”It is troublesome to see the fleet develop very quickly anytime subsequent couple of years. And that provide facet self-discipline could also be what turns what I am calling the ‘mom of all recoveries’ into the supercycle,” he mentioned.What we’re in is a disruptive international financial scenario purchased about by the pandemic, and this freight market is being pushed by a development growth.Mark WilliamsShipping StrategyShipbuilding capability can also be in brief provide in the case of bulk carriers, Williams added, predicting not more than 3% fleet progress for the subsequent three years.”If in case you have demand progress operating above fleet progress in any of these three years, you are going to have a agency freight market price,” he mentioned.Williams mentioned he expects a “actually agency market” in 2022 and sees a “very robust likelihood” of it persevering with into 2023. Nonetheless, he reiterated his stance that the trade will not be but in a supercycle.”What we’re in is a disruptive international financial scenario caused by the pandemic, and this freight market is being pushed by a development growth, which is a authorities coverage response to that pandemic,” he mentioned.Dangers: inflation and rising interestGovernment coverage may simply as simply cease prices from rising additional, Williams mentioned.He mentioned that if macroeconomic circumstances stay robust in 2023, the world might be in a “harmful place” with regard to inflation.”At that time we will see an increase in rates of interest from central banks that can inevitably decelerate financial progress, after which this enterprise cycle will flip over … and it’ll take the transport cycle with it,” he mentioned.On the provision facet, Bhatti from BHP mentioned an bettering pandemic scenario may reasonable value surges.When Covid restraints are eased, congestion at ports shall be diminished and unlock transport capability.”As that capability comes again into the market, that can in fact dampen a number of the … spikes that we have seen,” he mentioned.