Coronavirus lockdown: R charges ARE decreasing in some Tier 3 areas

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Almost 60 per cent of the population – around 32.6 million – will be under stricter rules by Monday


An infection charges in some Tier 3 areas are lastly starting to fall – however most are nonetheless dealing with rising figures, knowledge exhibits.    

Liverpool, which entered the strictest Tier 3 lockdown on October 14, has seen a 21% drop within the price of Covid infections in the newest week, in accordance with figures from Public Well being England’s weekly surveillance report.

Latest knowledge suggests the tough restrictions — which ban socialising with anybody exterior your individual family and imply many companies have to shut — are starting to work, however scientists say the true impact will not be clear till a couple of weeks have handed. 

Town, together with Halton, Knowsley, Sefton, Sheffield and St Helens are among the many Tier 3 areas which have seen a drop within the an infection price lately – however the majority of these hit by the harshest restrictions are nonetheless seeing rises within the price of transmission. 

The speed in Liverpool from Week 43 (October 19-25) was nonetheless a worrying 462% – however this represents a drop of one-fifth from the 584% of the earlier week, indicating that Liverpudlians could have lastly handed the height of this wave. 

St Helens in Merseyside, which went into Tier 3 on October 14, was one other space to see a drop within the an infection price. The newest week’s determine is 3.80% lower than within the earlier week – 421%, down from 437%, and nonetheless decrease than the 443% in week 41 – the obvious peak.

The city suffered an explosion within the an infection price from 6% in week 35 (late August) to 50% in week 36.

Sefton, one other October 14 lockdown, noticed a drop of 12% within the weekly price, and Sheffield, which entered Tier 3 on October 24, noticed a small drop of two% within the price.  

Halton and Knowsley each entered Tier 3 on October 14, and every noticed a drop of seven% and 18% respectively. 

Knowsley’s price had exploded from 11% in week 35 to 51% in week 36 (early September), and saved rising till an obvious peak in week 41 (early October) of 700%. The next week the speed was 663%, and the week after it was 542%.

Whereas these areas spark hope for an finish to the specter of Covid – and the draconian restrictions introduced into to attempt to fight it – many areas now beneath the harshest lockdown are nonetheless dealing with explosive rises in an infection charges. 

Almost 60 per cent of the population – around 32.6 million – will be under stricter rules by Monday

Almost 60 per cent of the population – around 32.6 million – will be under stricter rules by Monday

Nearly 60 per cent of the inhabitants – round 32.6 million – will probably be beneath stricter guidelines by Monday

Percentage change in coronavirus cases across London in the week to October 25: The five local authorities where the infection rate grew the most are: Kingston upon Hull City, 92.81 per cent; Derby, 91.84 per cent; North Somerset, 82.99 per cent; Medway, 77.17 per cent; and Bath and North East Somerset 69.72 per cent

Percentage change in coronavirus cases across London in the week to October 25: The five local authorities where the infection rate grew the most are: Kingston upon Hull City, 92.81 per cent; Derby, 91.84 per cent; North Somerset, 82.99 per cent; Medway, 77.17 per cent; and Bath and North East Somerset 69.72 per cent

 Share change in coronavirus instances throughout London within the week to October 25: The 5 native authorities the place the an infection price grew probably the most are: Kingston upon Hull Metropolis, 92.81 per cent; Derby, 91.84 per cent; North Somerset, 82.99 per cent; Medway, 77.17 per cent; and Tub and North East Somerset 69.72 per cent

Blackburn with Darwen, which entered Tier 3 on October 16, has seen a 34.30% development within the an infection price over the newest week. The newest price is a staggering 774%, up from 576% the earlier week and 446% the week earlier than.  

Doncaster, which was locked into Tier 3 on October 24, noticed a 46% development within the price in the newest week. The newest determine is 513%, up from 350% the week earlier than, and 220% the week earlier than that. 

TIER 3 AREAS THAT ARE SEEING IMPROVEMENTS – AND THOSE STILL STRUGGLING 

Under is a listing of areas the entered Tier 3 restrictions earlier than October 30, adopted by after they entered Tier 3 (T3), and the newest change within the weekly coronavirus an infection price: 

DECREASES:

Halton; entered Tier 3 (T3) on October 14; down 7.95% 

Knowsley; T3 on October 14; down 18.18%

Liverpool; T3 on October 14; down 20.98% 

Sefton; T3 on October 14; down 12.54%  

Sheffield; T3 on October 24; down 2.46%  

St Helens; T3 on October 14; down 3.80%  

INCREASES:   

Barnsley; T3 on October 24; up 9.12% 

Blackburn; T3 on October 16; up 34.30% 

Bolton; T3 on October 23; up 23.60% 

Blackpool; T3 on October 16; up 0.34%   

Bury; T3 on October 23; up 22.26% 

Doncaster; T3 on October 24; up 46.44% 

Lancashire; October 16; up 10.01% 

Manchester; T3 on October 23; up 10.75% 

Nottinghamshire; T3 on October 14; up 19.38% 

Oldham; T3 on October 23; up 41.22% 

Rochdale; T3 on October 23; up 12.81%  

Rotherham; T3 October 24; up 27.71

Salford; T3 October 23; up 18.88% 

Stockport; T3 on October 23; up 32.05% 

Tameside; T3 on October 23; up 38.41% 

Trafford; T3 on October 23; up 31.27%   

Warrington; T3 on October 27; up 16.67% 

Wigan; T3 on October 23; up 42.40%  

Wirral; T3 on October 14; up 5.78% 

The world had been beneath management for a lot of weeks, with a price beneath 10% for round two months – till an explosion within the price round Week 36, with exponential development ever since. 

Oldham, which solely final week entered Tier 3 on October 23, nonetheless endured a brutal 41% development within the an infection price in the newest week – 662%, up from 469%.  

Consultants have insisted that it’s too early to inform if the robust measures have actually labored, however the figures will add to rising strain for harder lockdown guidelines for use within the South, which has to this point largely escaped something harsher than the Tier One social distancing legal guidelines.    

Scientists warned infections are ‘dashing up’ within the South and a worrying Authorities-funded examine by Imperial School London discovered that the outbreak seems to be rising quickest in London and the South West, the place guidelines are comparatively lax. 

Though the scenario is just not as unhealthy but within the southern areas – there are fewer individuals testing optimistic or being admitted to hospital – ministers face rising strain to behave early and cease surging outbreaks earlier than they change into disastrous. 

Dr David Nabarro, of the World Well being Group (WHO), praised the UK Authorities’s choice to impose native measures, claiming they’ve been ‘very efficient’ in some elements of the North.

However he warned within the South infections are ‘dashing up’ on BBC Radio 4, including: ‘This may imply after all the Authorities in Britain, like different governments in Europe, will probably be considering “do we have to have some kind of over-arching place within the nation, with harder restricions?”‘. 

Delays in processing Covid-19 exams imply it is just doable to see the affect of Tier Three as much as October 21, the newest day for which native authorities an infection charges can be found. The an infection price has been launched as much as October 23 on the Authorities’s experimental web site, however is but to be finalised.

It comes after a Authorities-led examine revealed the R price – how many individuals an contaminated particular person spreads the virus to on common – has begun to say no within the North West, the place thousands and thousands reside beneath Tier Three curbs.

The speed could have dropped as little as 0.72 for the week ending October 25, the lecturers mentioned, a big decline from the earlier week’s lowest worth of 1.12 and the primary signal the outbreak within the area could also be falling. 

The Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) has referred to as for a brand new nationwide lockdown to curb the unfold of the virus, however Housing Minister Robert Jenrick at this time insisted the Authorities would keep away from the possibly ruinous measure saying you ‘cannot stop-start a rustic’.

Lockdown critics have warned one other one could be ‘catastrophic’ for the nation and the ‘ultimate nail within the coffin’ for a lot of companies which are ‘on their final legs’. 

A lot of the authorities the place epidemics have grown probably the most stay in Tier One, the place solely the rule of six and 10pm curfew apply. Scientists have argued these guidelines will not be stringent sufficient to shrink the outbreak, with prime Authorities advisers warning the present development is ‘very bleak’.  

For instance, North Somerset and Tub and North East Somerset, the place instances jumped up 83 per cent and 70 per cent in a single week, have but to be hit by any harder virus-controlling restrictions.  

Public Well being England’s weekly surveillance report revealed solely 20 of all 150 authorities in England noticed a drop in infections final week, together with Nottingham the place instances dropped by 30 per cent. Regardless of town’s outbreak shrinking, it is going to be thrown beneath the hardest Tier Three restrictions from tomorrow, together with the remainder of the county.

WHERE DID THE INFECTION RATE GROW THE MOST? 

Kingston upon Hull, Metropolis of 92.81%

Derby 91.84%

North Somerset 82.99%

Medway 77.17%

Tub and North East Somerset 69.72%

South Gloucestershire 62.13%

Herefordshire, County of 58.10%

Derbyshire 57.98%

Stoke-on-Trent 56.79%

Lincolnshire 55.26%

Staffordshire 55.21%

Leicestershire 54.29%

Southampton 54.02%

Brighton and Hove 52.57%

Milton Keynes 50.88%

Swindon 49.99%

East Using of Yorkshire 49.32%

Dudley 49.07%

West Sussex 46.89%

Leicester 46.57%

 

WHERE DID THE INFECTION RATE GROW THE LEAST? 

Nottingham -30.00%

Liverpool -20.98%

York -20.25%

Windsor and Maidenhead -20.09%

Knowsley -18.18%

County Durham -15.51%

Sefton -12.54%

Rutland -11.63%

Devon -11.12%

Camden -10.03%

Halton -7.95%

South Tyneside -5.35%

Hackney and Metropolis of London -4.60%

Richmond upon Thames -3.96%

St. Helens -3.80%

Hartlepool -3.68%

Slough -3.02%

Sheffield -2.46%

Leeds -1.22%

Newcastle upon Tyne -0.42%

 

Ministers are understood to analyse a ‘basket’ of indicators to make selections on Covid-19 restrictions, together with the an infection price, hospital admissions and pace of development. 

Dominic Raab says Authorities is ‘prepared’ for TIER FOUR COVID restrictions 

Dominic Raab at this time hinted the Authorities may introduce a brand new Tier 4 set of even stricter coronavirus restrictions as he refused to rule out a nationwide lockdown. 

The Authorities’s present native lockdown system is predicated on three tiers however there are fears that even probably the most draconian guidelines in Tier Three will not be sufficient to cease the unfold of the illness. 

A brand new Tier 4 may see non-essential retailers instructed to shut and journey restricted to attending to work and faculty. 

Mr Raab mentioned the Authorities is ‘at all times prepared for additional measures’ as he insisted ministers intend to stay to their localised method of cracking down on infections. 

However the Overseas Secretary admitted that each Germany and France had additionally used a method of native crackdowns earlier than finally being pressured into new nation shutdowns. 

He would solely go as far as saying the Authorities is ‘striving to keep away from’ following the UK’s European neighbours as he resisted imposing a ‘blanket method or a blunt method’. 

Mr Raab instructed the BBC’s Radio 4 At this time programme: ‘We’re at all times prepared for additional measures that we are able to take however I feel a very powerful factor about additional measures is we proceed on the monitor that we’re on of focusing on the virus.

‘The distinction between now and the primary lockdown is we’re in a a lot better place to actually give attention to the place the virus is the best and I feel that’s proper, not solely in scientific and virus administration phrases, I feel when it comes to the way in which individuals really feel about tackling the virus it’s honest, it suits the pure justice that we’re specializing in the areas the place the uptick is the best and we’re not taking a one-size-fits-all method or a blanket method or a blunt method.’

Mr Raab mentioned the Authorities needed to keep away from the ‘arbitrariness of a blanket method’ as he claimed the general public favour focused restrictions. 

Nevertheless, he didn’t rule out finally having to impose a nationwide lockdown after France and Germany made the transfer earlier this week. 

He mentioned: ‘You point out France. France after all tried a localised method after which fell again on the nationwide method.

‘What I feel that exhibits you, Germany is similar, is how vital it’s that all of us rally collectively at native stage by to nationwide stage, communities, native leaders, nationwide leaders, and actually lean in to the localised centered method.

‘That’s the simplest solution to deal with the virus and keep away from the blanket method which I do not suppose could be in one of the best pursuits of this nation and which we’re striving to keep away from.’

Mr Raab mentioned it’s ‘crucially vital’ to ‘carry the general public with us’ and that he believed the Authorities’s tiered method is one of the best ways to try this. 

South Gloucestershire, within the south west, and Herefordshire within the West Midlands, additionally noticed their outbreaks quickly develop within the area of 1 week, by round 60 per cent. Nevertheless, their an infection charges are additionally decrease than the nationwide common and at present stand at 192 and 86, respectively.

The figures point out the ‘second wave’ is now affecting all corners of England, and never simply the north.   

Scientists warned this week infections are ‘dashing up’ within the south.

A worrying Authorities-funded examine by Imperial School London discovered that the outbreak seems to be rising quickest in London and the South West, the place guidelines are comparatively lax, and slowest within the northern areas with the hardest restrictions. 

They predicted the R price — the common variety of individuals every service infects — can also be greater than two within the South East, East and South West, which have largely escaped any robust native lockdowns.  

However the R price within the capital is greater than anyplace else in England, at three. For comparability, the consultants claimed the nationwide R price is round 1.6. Circumstances are doubling each three days in comparison with each 9 days in the remainder of England, the examine claimed.  

The PHE knowledge exhibits simply 20 out of 149 councils recorded a fall of their Covid-19 an infection charges within the week ending October 25. For comparability, 23 noticed a dip the week earlier than. 

A  variety of giant cities noticed their an infection charges drop within the week to October 25. This consists of Nottingham (down 30 per cent), Liverpool (down 21 per cent), Sheffield (down 2.46 per cent) and Leeds (down 1.22 per cent).

However regardless of this, Nottingham and Leeds will probably be plunged into Tier Three restrictions this weekend. And there aren’t any clear path for Liverpool and Sheffield to maneuver out of their native ‘lockdowns’.

Liverpool, and the remainder of Merseyside together with Halton, Knowsley, Sefton, St Helens and Wirral, went straight into Tier Three when the tiered system got here into drive on October 14. All these locations noticed an infection charges drop in the newest week, apart from Wirral, the place instances solely rose by 6 per cent. 

Plenty of locations beneath Tier Two additionally noticed drops in an infection charges, together with York (20 per cent), South Tyneside (5 per cent) and Newcastle upon Tyne (down a slight 0.42 per cent).

Components of London — Camden (down 10 per cent), Hackney and Metropolis of London (down 4.60 per cent) and Richmond upon Thames (down 3.96 per cent) — additionally noticed enhancements in an infection charges. These areas have a number of the highest an infection charges in London, suggesting that residents have acted to regulate the coronavirus.

But it surely’s understood London might be thrown into Tier Three lockdown inside two weeks except an infection charges drop considerably throughout the entire capital. 

Londoners are at present banned from assembly indoors with anybody they do not stay with. 

Nevertheless London Mayor Sadiq Khan is piling on strain on No10 to tug town into Tier Three, regardless of an infection charges various throughout the 32 completely different boroughs – from 223 optimistic exams per 100,000 individuals in Ealing over the newest week, to 103 per 100,000 in Lewisham. 

It comes after the Authorities’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (Sage) reportedly mentioned this week all of England might be in Tier Three lockdown by mid-December if a nationwide lockdown is just not adopted earlier than.

They mentioned virus charges all around the nation will soar previous the degrees seen in areas already put into the ‘very excessive’ class by the festive season, The Solar reported, with ‘a authorities supply’ saying: ‘The newest Sage numbers are totally bleak.’

SAGE has piled contemporary strain on Boris Johnson to impose harder restrictions because it warned as much as 85,000 individuals may die in a second wave. A ‘cheap worst case state of affairs’ put ahead by SAGE recommended every day deaths may stay above 500 for 3 months or extra till March subsequent 12 months.

London ‘will go into Tier 3 lockdown in two weeks’ as Britain faces a super-spreader Christmas

London might be plunged into Tier 3 lockdown inside two weeks as England creeped nearer in direction of full nationwide lockdown by the again door final evening, with thousands and thousands instructed they may face additional curbs.    

Boris Johnson is dealing with renewed strain from his medical officers to impose a nation-wide shutdown earlier than and after Christmas in a bid to permit households to collect over the vacations, and sources shut so Sadiq Khan anticipate the capital to be locked down imminently.

Senior figures are warning that the UK’s three-tier system is just not sufficient to ‘get on prime of the numbers’, with deputy chief medical officer Jonathan Van-Tam reportedly starting to alter his thoughts over whether or not regional lockdowns will suppress the virus . He backed the transfer at a No 10 press convention final week

Presenting what one supply referred to as ‘very, very bleak’ knowledge to a gathering of Covid-O, the the Cupboard subcommittee on coronavirus, he mentioned that every day hospital admissions had reached the very best stage since April at 1,404.  

There are fears that the entire nation will probably be at Tier 3 by Christmas, and unable to satisfy prolonged members of the family except the Authorities takes harsh, draconian motion earlier than the season.

Permitting individuals to go to household at Christmas will probably be a ‘spreader occasion’ that would trigger a spike in infections many instances worse than that attributable to the return of college college students, consultants consider. 

However introducing nationwide restrictions earlier than and after Christmas, whereas lifting them for the large day may assist minimise the affect. 

One senior well being official instructed the Telegraph that anti-Covid measures had been almost definitely to achieve success in the event that they had been taken on a nationwide foundation reasonably than toughening up the principles for Tier 3. 

They added {that a} post-Christmas ‘circuit-breaker’ lockdown may additionally assist reverse numbers and curb rising numbers of hospitalisations as fears unfold that Britain’s ICUs might be overrun.

‘Releasing measures for 2 days is unlikely to trigger an enormous upswing,’ a supply mentioned.’ But it surely will not do nothing. Christmas brings individuals from all around the nation to sit down inside collectively, so its fairly prone to be a spreading occasion.

‘However individuals need to see their family members and so they need to make bodily contact, and we’ve got to recognise that.’ 

Impartial consultants instructed MailOnline it is seemingly many of the locations in England which are in Tier One will transfer into Tier Two by Christmas as a result of the Rule of Six and 10pm curfew will not be sufficient to stamp out rising infections. 

Martin McKee, a professor of European public well being on the London College of Hygiene and Tropical Drugs and member of Impartial Sage, mentioned: ‘We sadly have allowed the an infection to get uncontrolled and as a consequence we’re going to want to show this round, in any other case it should simply hold going up, extra will get severely sick and extra individuals will die.

‘The earlier we impose tighter restrictions, the higher. I see MPs saying “the charges are low in my space so we shouldn’t do something”. It’s not about if case are low, it’s about if they’re rising quickly. 

‘We noticed very clearly in March that it’s higher ahead of later. So we actually needs to be doing this now, we actually haven’t any time to lose.’

However Professor McKee burdened that with tighter restrictions, three important issues are wanted — a clampdown on indoor social mixing the place the virus can unfold simply, psychological well being assist, and a working take a look at and hint system. At present the UK’s NHS Take a look at and Hint is just not performing to the ‘world beating’ standing that was promised.

Professor McKee added: ‘So long as infections are going up, we’ve got a serious downside. Merely due to the character of exponential development. It’s a easy nature of arithmetic. Even when the infections are going up even barely, the speed of development will go upwards sooner. 

‘Then again, if we are able to put in actually stringent measure to cease individuals mixing with one another, you will get a big drop in fairly a brief time period.

Professor Paul Hunter, an infectious illness professional on the College of East Anglia, mentioned: ‘The Tier One restrictions are clearly not working when it comes to suppressing the epidemic. I believe the federal government would resolve to extend, in most areas of the nation, will at the very least transfer into Tier Two within the subsequent month. And a number of the present Tier Two will transfer into Tier Three. 

‘The attention-grabbing factor is it’s not going up fairly as shortly within the northern cities because it was. And in a few of these cities, similar to Liverpool, it does appear to be declining a bit already.

‘I feel it’s slightly too early to say whether or not these Tier Two/Tier Three ranges will not be working. The underside line is the upper restrictions could also be working nevertheless it’s too early to make sure.

‘Within the southern small city rural areas, that’s the place a whole lot of the present will increase are in the mean time. It’s very apparent instances are rising within the south now. Just about all over the place in between is on the up.

‘The problem is what time will they resolve that’s now not acceptable or tolerable after which enhance restrictions in these areas.’

Simon Clarke, an affiliate professor in mobile microbiology at College of Studying, mentioned: ‘Are native restriction sufficient? They need to be, however the issue is just not a lot going from Tier Two to Three, however going from One to Two. We all know in sure elements of the nation that’s not occurring shortly sufficient.

‘My intestine feeling is we’re heading for tightening restrictions between now and into the brand new 12 months. I feel that it is going to be one thing like Tier Three or maybe tighter. I feel we’ll get a tier 4 added on prime. But it surely’s only a guess.’ 

Britain is slowly creeping one step nearer to a de facto lockdown on daily basis, with the UK confirming one other 23,065 optimistic take a look at outcomes and 280 deaths yesterday.

Circumstances are up 8.6 per cent on the 21,242 introduced final Thursday, whereas deaths have elevated by 48 per cent in the identical time. 

Boris Johnson is facing renewed pressure from his medical officers to impose a nation-wide shutdown before and after Christmas in a bid to allow families to gather over the holidays

Boris Johnson is facing renewed pressure from his medical officers to impose a nation-wide shutdown before and after Christmas in a bid to allow families to gather over the holidays

Boris Johnson is dealing with renewed strain from his medical officers to impose a nation-wide shutdown earlier than and after Christmas in a bid to permit households to collect over the vacations

Boris Johnson is dealing with renewed strain from his medical officers to impose a nation-wide shutdown earlier than and after Christmas in a bid to permit households to collect over the vacations, and sources shut so Sadiq Khan anticipate the capital to be locked down imminently.

Senior figures are warning that the UK’s three-tier system is just not sufficient to ‘get on prime of the numbers’, with deputy chief medical officer Jonathan Van-Tam reportedly starting to alter his thoughts over whether or not regional lockdowns will suppress the virus . He backed the transfer at a No 10 press convention final week

Presenting what one supply referred to as ‘very, very bleak’ knowledge to a gathering of Covid-O, the the Cupboard subcommittee on coronavirus, he mentioned that every day hospital admissions had reached the very best stage since April at 1,404. 

Permitting individuals to go to household at Christmas will probably be a spreader occasion that would trigger a spike in infections many instances worse than that attributable to the return of college college students, consultants consider.

However introducing nationwide restrictions earlier than and after Christmas, whereas lifting them for the large day may assist minimise the affect. 

Nearly 60 per cent of the inhabitants – round 32.6 million – will probably be beneath stricter guidelines by Monday, and it’s understood London might be moved into the highest tier in two weeks except an infection charges drop considerably.

Sixteen areas will transfer into the ‘excessive danger’ Tier Two at midnight together with Oxford, Luton, East Using of Yorkshire, Kingston Upon Hull, Derbyshire Dales, Derby and Staffordshire.

That signifies that greater than 21.6 million face the restrictions that embody a ban on socialising indoors with anybody from one other family, whether or not at residence or in bars, eating places and cafes. 

An extra 11 million will probably be within the ‘very excessive danger’ Tier Three from midnight on Sunday when Leeds and the remainder of West Yorkshire are added to the locations the place pubs are closed except serving meals.

This may go away solely 23.7million with out enhanced restrictions.

With harder restrictions in Scotland, Wales and Northern Eire, it means simply over three-fifths of the UK inhabitants reside beneath additional lockdown restrictions.

HOW HAVE INFECTION RATES CHANGED IN YOUR AREA? 
Native authority title Sept 21 to 27 Sept 28 to Oct 4 Change Oct 5 to 11 Change Oct 12 to 18 Change Oct 19 to 25 Change
Barking and Dagenham 62 63.41 39.18% 98.17 54.82% 119.3 21.52% 131.51 10.23%
Barnet 43.2 86.39 267.77% 110.64 28.07% 114.68 3.65% 140.7 22.69%
Barnsley 76.56 148.66 336.85% 279.91 88.29% 457.33 63.38% 499.06 9.12%
Tub and North East Somerset 37.25 67.78 367.77% 120.03 77.09% 112.79 -6.03% 191.43 69.72%
Bedford 47.9 74.44 138.90% 81.37 9.31% 87.14 7.09% 88.29 1.32%
Bexley 28.19 56.39 141.40% 66.05 17.13% 82.97 25.62% 113.58 36.89%
Birmingham 147.92 159.31 28.64% 190.92 19.84% 227.36 19.09% 257.75 13.37%
Blackburn with Darwen 182.37 257.86 30.41% 446.24 73.06% 576.5 29.19% 774.24 34.30%
Blackpool 91.79 197.21 169.60% 288.28 46.18% 424.54 47.27% 425.97 0.34%
Bolton 244.13 265 9.80% 335.25 26.51% 442.01 31.84% 546.34 23.60%
Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole 25.55 74.12 252.95% 134.57 81.56% 144.44 7.33% 184.91 28.02%
Bracknell Forest 25.3 40.8 212.40% 53.04 30.00% 81.6 53.85% 84.86 4.00%
Bradford 184.34 293.27 98.37% 335.14 14.28% 395.72 18.08% 481.13 21.58%
Brent 50.64 79.45 181.74% 99.16 24.81% 98.55 -0.62% 113.41 15.08%
Brighton and Hove 21.66 62.22 448.68% 82.51 32.61% 93.51 13.33% 142.67 52.57%
Bristol, Metropolis of 28.27 66.47 275.54% 156.46 135.38% 245.37 56.83% 333.64 35.97%
Bromley 27.68 55.67 242.58% 70.11 25.94% 89.97 28.33% 108.93 21.07%
Buckinghamshire 24.82 48.35 182.75% 88.98 84.03% 86.77 -2.48% 104.6 20.55%
Bury 216.24 290.59 52.89% 389.55 34.05% 430.39 10.48% 526.21 22.26%
Calderdale 97.42 173.56 135.27% 242.6 39.78% 311.65 28.46% 410.49 31.72%
Cambridgeshire 18.06 45.29 355.18% 65.34 44.27% 67.48 3.28% 82.17 21.77%
Camden 27.4 55.55 138.11% 111.84 101.33% 121.84 8.94% 109.62 -10.03%
Central Bedfordshire 23.56 37.76 67.67% 51.27 35.78% 61.67 20.28% 71.37 15.73%
Cheshire East 61.17 141.35 287.90% 168.68 19.33% 173.11 2.63% 215.8 24.66%
Cheshire West and Chester 78.12 143.7 220.12% 191.21 33.06% 199.08 4.12% 214.53 7.76%
Cornwall and Isles of Scilly 40.4 26.58 32.17% 32 20.39% 30.78 -3.81% 44.95 46.04%
County Durham 110.55 201.29 209.30% 338.05 67.94% 329.56 -2.51% 278.44 -15.51%
Coventry 74.56 108.2 95.13% 166.34 53.73% 184.11 10.68% 199.99 8.63%
Croydon 32.58 66.46 307.98% 75.25 13.23% 79.39 5.50% 105.76 33.22%
Cumbria 51.2 86.6 252.03% 121.6 40.42% 152.4 25.33% 170.2 11.68%
Darlington 103.93 176.03 358.53% 206.92 17.55% 286.51 38.46% 296.81 3.59%
Derby 43.14 82.78 124.21% 134.08 61.97% 171.39 27.83% 328.8 91.84%
Derbyshire 44.35 93.44 201.23% 144.51 54.66% 186.5 29.06% 294.63 57.98%
Devon 18.82 84.37 957.27% 105.69 25.27% 78.52 -25.71% 69.79 -11.12%
Doncaster 62.84 147.81 177.73% 220.27 49.02% 350.76 59.24% 513.64 46.44%
Dorset 11.36 25.1 352.25% 60.76 142.07% 72.39 19.14% 103.3 42.70%
Dudley 56.28 79.29 90.28% 102.3 29.02% 150.81 47.42% 224.82 49.07%
Ealing 55.29 98.01 248.91% 139.85 42.69% 162.08 15.90% 212.4 31.05%
East Using of Yorkshire 49.83 109.33 372.06% 133.36 21.98% 172.35 29.24% 257.35 49.32%
East Sussex 14.72 30.51 359.49% 44.86 47.03% 50.43 12.42% 58.32 15.65%
Enfield 42.54 72.8 158.52% 93.77 28.80% 137.21 46.33% 138.41 0.87%
Essex 26.66 48.35 176.92% 69.97 44.72% 90.25 28.98% 99.05 9.75%
Gateshead 162.33 241.02 83.08% 255.38 5.96% 259.34 1.55% 355.84 37.21%
Gloucestershire 19.62 40.5 200.00% 62 53.09% 62.63 1.02% 68.6 9.53%
Greenwich 36.47 50.7 217.27% 75.36 48.64% 85.43 13.36% 92.73 8.55%
Hackney and Metropolis of London 55.36 101.77 311.03% 132.37 30.07% 164.35 24.16% 156.79 -4.60%
Halton 265.82 343.1 80.49% 387.91 13.06% 340 -12.35% 312.96 -7.95%
Hammersmith and Fulham 45.91 75.08 238.96% 115.59 53.96% 163.12 41.12% 190.12 16.55%
Hampshire 16.78 35.08 219.20% 55.48 58.15% 68.35 23.20% 94.32 38.00%
Haringey 40.95 89.34 192.73% 116.88 30.83% 126.93 8.60% 142.57 12.32%
Harrow 42.2 95.95 244.28% 116.26 21.17% 127.81 9.93% 133.78 4.67%
Hartlepool 153.74 250.9 213.35% 274.39 9.36% 348.06 26.85% 335.24 -3.68%
Havering 58.18 60.49 80.46% 100.56 66.24% 126.76 26.05% 148.72 17.32%
Herefordshire, County of 12.97 22.3 152.83% 37.86 69.78% 54.46 43.85% 86.1 58.10%
Hertfordshire 30.94 66.83 166.79% 87.35 30.70% 90.79 3.94% 106.68 17.50%
Hillingdon 57.35 75.28 117.95% 102.32 35.92% 135.24 32.17% 160 18.31%
Hounslow 57.82 81.39 166.24% 105.7 29.87% 139.21 31.70% 177.15 27.25%
Isle of Wight 11.29 12.7 259.77% 17.63 38.82% 24.69 40.05% 31.04 25.72%
Islington 42.89 76.3 198.40% 90.32 18.37% 121.25 34.24% 126.62 4.43%
Kensington and Chelsea 24.34 81.34 262.80% 94.15 15.75% 135.14 43.54% 138.99 2.85%
Kent 16.44 34.46 240.51% 50.46 46.43% 54.25 7.51% 75.24 38.69%
Kingston upon Hull, Metropolis of 35.41 95.85 555.16% 107.01 11.64% 144.74 35.26% 279.08 92.81%
Kingston upon Thames 33.24 72.11 255.57% 101.97 41.41% 144.78 41.98% 184.22 27.24%
Kirklees 118.92 192.37 106.85% 254.44 32.27% 300.37 18.05% 388.82 29.45%
Knowsley 335.41 602.54 182.30% 700.64 16.28% 663.52 -5.30% 542.88 -18.18%
Lambeth 41.71 77.6 272.00% 92.94 19.77% 122.38 31.68% 137.1 12.03%
Lancashire 160.6 246.02 139.88% 347.6 41.29% 387.44 11.46% 426.22 10.01%
Leeds 170.46 379.13 239.39% 394.63 4.09% 393.5 -0.29% 388.71 -1.22%
Leicester 111.51 140.31 23.94% 184.06 31.18% 222.46 20.86% 326.06 46.57%
Leicestershire 51.12 92.19 124.47% 161.58 75.27% 176.87 9.46% 272.89 54.29%
Lewisham 34 64.09 206.21% 77.16 20.39% 79.13 2.55% 90.57 14.46%
Lincolnshire 27.85 63.19 238.82% 92.61 46.56% 103.65 11.92% 160.93 55.26%
Liverpool 342.94 580.27 186.43% 681.47 17.44% 584.69 -14.20% 462.01 -20.98%
Luton 61.96 72.28 41.28% 89.65 24.03% 141.28 57.59% 150.2 6.31%
Manchester 307.67 558.19 215.22% 474.62 -14.97% 438.99 -7.51% 486.2 10.75%
Medway 17.59 30.87 177.36% 38.77 25.59% 45.59 17.59% 80.77 77.17%
Merton 26.63 47.93 266.72% 77.95 62.63% 95.38 22.36% 134.11 40.61%
Middlesbrough 136.19 259.61 375.30% 280.89 8.20% 351.82 25.25% 353.95 0.61%
Milton Keynes 24.86 45.28 139.20% 65.69 45.08% 63.46 -3.39% 95.75 50.88%
Newcastle upon Tyne 299.19 492.37 204.91% 466.94 -5.16% 313.39 -32.88% 312.07 -0.42%
Newham 66.26 75.04 100.75% 103.36 37.74% 129.41 25.20% 142.16 9.85%
Norfolk 17.3 38.01 228.52% 50.89 33.89% 63.89 25.55% 84.71 32.59%
North East Lincolnshire 35.1 76.46 481.00% 162.32 112.29% 237.52 46.33% 339.68 43.01%
North Lincolnshire 47.59 94.03 224.02% 151.49 61.11% 170.06 12.26% 191.54 12.63%
North Somerset 27.9 39.99 56.33% 54.87 37.21% 71.15 29.67% 130.2 82.99%
North Tyneside 156.32 232.31 137.93% 251.55 8.28% 210.67 -16.25% 279.44 32.64%
North Yorkshire 67.47 113.1 188.82% 134.29 18.74% 141.09 5.06% 164.39 16.51%
Northamptonshire 24.43 60.14 198.02% 96.25 60.04% 107.53 11.72% 127.31 18.39%
Northumberland 171.2 180.19 114.38% 175.54 -2.58% 176.47 0.53% 179.88 1.93%
Nottingham 94.32 609.79 1523.94% 927.91 52.17% 610.69 -34.19% 427.46 -30.00%
Nottinghamshire 49.74 137.04 387.17% 220.47 60.88% 272.27 23.50% 325.03 19.38%
Oldham 193.58 295.64 62.27% 382.52 29.39% 468.56 22.49% 661.72 41.22%
Oxfordshire 25.59 64.48 309.14% 86.31 33.86% 89.35 3.52% 111.9 25.24%
Peterborough 35.1 62.3 223.13% 81.58 30.95% 95.92 17.58% 125.09 30.41%
Plymouth 23.27 37.77 80.03% 68.68 81.84% 103.01 49.99% 141.55 37.41%
Portsmouth 32.11 50.72 194.54% 104.7 106.43% 144.25 37.77% 163.79 13.55%
Studying 29.67 43.89 343.78% 74.79 70.40% 95.81 28.11% 109.41 14.19%
Redbridge 73.06 110.74 78.84% 125.15 13.01% 136.95 9.43% 168.4 22.96%
Redcar and Cleveland 70.73 173.53 395.80% 210.72 21.43% 280.71 33.21% 323 15.07%
Richmond upon Thames 39.39 108.58 593.36% 144.94 33.49% 153.02 5.57% 146.96 -3.96%
Rochdale 202.78 335.41 126.06% 429.83 28.15% 508.97 18.41% 574.16 12.81%
Rotherham 100.98 203.08 228.66% 279.57 37.66% 386.19 38.14% 493.2 27.71%
Rutland 42.58 85.16 580.19% 132.74 55.87% 107.7 -18.86% 95.17 -11.63%
Salford 195.49 317.19 114.36% 390.21 23.02% 495.3 26.93% 588.79 18.88%
Sandwell 113.26 114.78 19.67% 146.45 27.59% 216.17 47.61% 275.23 27.32%
Sefton 226.84 371.19 194.83% 477.19 28.56% 438.48 -8.11% 383.49 -12.54%
Sheffield 121.74 385.74 519.76% 455.16 18.00% 431.05 -5.30% 420.45 -2.46%
Shropshire 42.4 59.11 193.79% 86.34 46.07% 84.48 -2.15% 119.45 41.39%
Slough 82.92 86.93 217.03% 92.28 6.15% 155.14 68.12% 150.46 -3.02%
Solihull 90.12 119.7 61.87% 174.7 45.95% 209.36 19.84% 223.69 6.84%
Somerset 13.87 32.9 362.73% 39.13 18.94% 45.89 17.28% 61.36 33.71%
South Gloucestershire 24.2 58.58 255.25% 88.04 50.29% 118.56 34.67% 192.22 62.13%
South Tyneside 221.89 274.88 37.42% 245.07 -10.84% 235.14 -4.05% 222.55 -5.35%
Southampton 19.01 42.77 199.93% 60.19 40.73% 74.05 23.03% 114.05 54.02%
Southend-on-Sea 31.13 42.59 143.79% 48.05 12.82% 68.81 43.20% 82.46 19.84%
Southwark 47.99 60.53 114.42% 79.35 31.09% 95.66 20.55% 121.69 27.21%
St. Helens 254.17 347.76 167.24% 443.56 27.55% 437.47 -1.37% 420.85 -3.80%
Staffordshire 38.66 82.2 173.82% 121.2 47.45% 169.06 39.49% 262.4 55.21%
Stockport 110.42 227.32 162.62% 297.18 30.73% 299.91 0.92% 396.02 32.05%
Stockton-on-Tees 100.84 233.6 339.02% 342.54 46.64% 357.24 4.29% 447.43 25.25%
Stoke-on-Trent 49.54 60.46 54.99% 118.19 95.48% 192.3 62.70% 301.51 56.79%
Suffolk 8.41 33.49 298.22% 46.37 38.46% 55.03 18.68% 72.63 31.98%
Sunderland 215.7 296.72 108.61% 299.24 0.85% 321.92 7.58% 323.72 0.56%
Surrey 27.08 66.29 350.65% 83.01 25.22% 94.8 14.20% 106.58 12.43%
Sutton 23.75 36.83 162.14% 81.9 122.37% 90.14 10.06% 114.85 27.41%
Swindon 19.35 27.9 181.82% 45.46 62.94% 69.31 52.46% 103.96 49.99%
Tameside 174.4 245.48 74.84% 322.75 31.48% 371.31 15.05% 513.92 38.41%
Telford and Wrekin 43.92 56.16 173.02% 81.73 45.53% 154.01 88.44% 211.28 37.19%
Thurrock 24.09 43.02 226.16% 75.14 74.66% 122.17 62.59% 157.74 29.12%
Torbay 14.68 49.9 466.40% 82.19 64.71% 100.54 22.33% 126.23 25.55%
Tower Hamlets 62.51 85.61 164.80% 97.92 14.38% 133.64 36.48% 148.73 11.29%
Trafford 139.88 279.75 277.28% 336.63 20.33% 327.36 -2.75% 429.74 31.27%
Wakefield 86.13 163.93 243.96% 238.87 45.71% 310.64 30.05% 401.08 29.11%
Walsall 83.37 122.25 81.76% 168.84 38.11% 211.57 25.31% 305.8 44.54%
Waltham Forest 47.3 79.43 147.21% 94.95 19.54% 102.53 7.98% 135.75 32.40%
Wandsworth 37.92 71.89 243.48% 101.31 40.92% 114.35 12.87% 143.78 25.74%
Warrington 197.61 268.55 102.15% 337.6 25.71% 348.55 3.24% 406.64 16.67%
Warwickshire 40.49 70.94 98.05% 101.05 42.44% 126.14 24.83% 166.63 32.10%
West Berkshire 22.72 39.13 181.92% 49.23 25.81% 57.43 16.66% 83.94 46.16%
West Sussex 21.64 33.1 148.69% 43.06 30.09% 50.35 16.93% 73.96 46.89%
Westminster 29.08 71.18 220.63% 88.02 23.66% 108.3 23.04% 135.08 24.73%
Wigan 160.04 274.45 124.39% 407.71 48.56% 460.66 12.99% 655.99 42.40%
Wiltshire 15.2 32.8 221.57% 53.8 64.02% 68 26.39% 84.2 23.82%
Windsor and Maidenhead 31.7 80.57 335.75% 113.59 40.98% 141.33 24.42% 112.93 -20.09%
Wirral 193.82 252.77 61.86% 315.42 24.79% 267.27 -15.27% 282.71 5.78%
Wokingham 28.64 45 327.76% 61.36 36.36% 76.55 24.76% 95.26 24.44%
Wolverhampton 83.16 75.94 21.21% 133.66 76.01% 191 42.90% 246.43 29.02%
Worcestershire 43.47 70.83 232.22% 93.15 31.51% 105.24 12.98% 128.4 22.01%
York 72.64 195.14 341.89% 266.36 36.50% 307.19 15.33% 244.99 -20.25%



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